Author Topic: New script for denoising linear monochannel images  (Read 37254 times)

Offline mschuster

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New script for denoising linear monochannel images
« on: 2015 November 03 09:11:49 »
MureDenoise Version 1.21

Thanks,
Mike Schuster

The MureDenoise script denoises linear monochannel images corrupted by mixed Poisson-Gaussian noise. MureDenoise is applicable to single frame images and average combinations of equally exposed and registered frames.

The script supports an astronomical image processing workflow in which the denoising step occurs immediately after the calibration and optional average combination steps and prior to other linear or nonlinear processing steps.

The script applies an interscale wavelet mixed noise unbiased risk estimator (MURE) to find a denoised output image that minimizes an estimate of the oracle mean-squared error (MSE), or "risk", between the denoised output image and the unknown noise-free image.

Note: For linear multichannel images from monocolor detectors, run the monochannel denoiser on each channel separately. The script does not work properly for images from one shot color (OSC) detectors.

Warning: The script is adapted to denoise linear monochannel images mainly corrupted by shot noise, read noise, and dark current noise which is typically the case for astronomical data. The script does not work properly for other noise distributions, for saturated images, for debayered images, for linearly or nonlinearly processed images, for median combinations, or for drizzle combinations.

Warning: Do not combine denoised images. Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) will be enhanced by combining noisy images and denoising the result. Combined images must be equally exposed, have the same pixel resolution, and be registered by projective transformation with no distortion correction.

More more information and examples, please see the script's documentation.
« Last Edit: 2017 October 13 19:09:22 by mschuster »

Offline pfile

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Re: New script for denoising linear monochannel images
« Reply #1 on: 2015 November 03 13:18:40 »
Mike, this is fantastic. i've used it already to denoise some narrowband masters and the results are impressive.

thanks for all your continued development

rob

Offline cdesselles

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Re: New script for denoising linear monochannel images
« Reply #2 on: 2015 November 03 13:51:59 »
Would it be possible to adapt this script to OSC images shot with a DSLR?
Celestron CPC1100 - Canon 550D (T2i) and of course, Pixinsight!

Offline msmythers

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Re: New script for denoising linear monochannel images
« Reply #3 on: 2015 November 03 13:56:53 »
If you can get the input parameter information for your camera all you would need to do is split the RGB channels.


Mike

Offline msmythers

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Re: New script for denoising linear monochannel images
« Reply #4 on: 2015 November 03 16:57:28 »
Mike

Very nicely done. Makes me wish I had real equipment and a good location to shoot from. Since I don't have either I wanted to see how I could adapt your script for my needs. I use a 12 bit Sony Nex-5 Mirrorless camera, don't laugh, and shoot from the coast of east Florida. A lot of my images are widefield with a 45mm lens.

Anyway since I don't have the gain or noise numbers for my camera I tried a little experimenting to see how I could use the script. That wasn't so bad.

The images I am showing are a crop of Cygnus with my 45mm lens. The image is 4608x3072. It is 23, 2 minute exposures stacked. I used ABE and then AutoHistogram with the average mean of the images 3 channels. Not a major stretch but enough to get a decent color balance. I then extracted the 3 channels for use with MureDenoise. After the different denoise tries or no denoise I then combined the channels and processed the image. No more noise reduction was applied after stretching.

There are 3 separate images. One with no denoise. One with my MureDenoise settings which included 23 combination count and 8 Cycle-spin count. The last was 2 passes of MureDenoise with the previous settings. All 3 images were then combined and the same exact processing was done to each combined image.

Thanks Mike!



Mike

Offline RickS

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Re: New script for denoising linear monochannel images
« Reply #5 on: 2015 November 03 22:47:54 »
That's very cool, Mike!  I have 50+ hours on a very dim Oiii target and I'll give this a try.

Offline chris.bailey

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Re: New script for denoising linear monochannel images
« Reply #6 on: 2015 November 04 01:22:44 »
Wow! I have just thrown about a dozen Ha stacks at it and in every case the results are better than I have been getting with MLT noise reduction, which has been my linear weapon of choice recently but have always had to follow this with a round of ACDNR post stretch. This seems to do it in one pass.

Does the Auto pixel interpolation setting pick up the setting used during star alignment?

Offline jkmorse

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Re: New script for denoising linear monochannel images
« Reply #7 on: 2015 November 04 08:00:39 »
Mike,

Can you explain a little more about the cycle-spin count.  From what you say in your note, it looks like it operates not as an intensity multiplier (like iterations in Deconvolution) but instead like the iterations in Masked Stretch where more means a better solution, not more intensity.  As such, if you are willing to trade time for quality, does it make sense to up the number beyond 8 and, if so, is there a practical limit?

Btw, the script looks fantastic!  Its the ability of talented people like you to supplement its workings that makes PI so much fun to use.

Thanks,

Jim 
Really, are clear skies, low wind and no moon that much to ask for? 

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Offline jkmorse

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Re: New script for denoising linear monochannel images
« Reply #8 on: 2015 November 04 08:19:54 »
Mike,

A second follow-up.  Can you expand a bit on the following statement:

Warning: Do not combine denoised images. Signal-to-noise ratio will be enhanced by combining noisy images and denoising the result.

Are you saying that the single frame image denoising is NOT an option if you are working with a stack?  If so, are there any limitations in running ImageIntegration beyond using an averaging method?   For example, are there any limitations on which rejection method we can use, whether we are better off with normalization set at additive or additive with scaling, or which scale estimator to use?

Thanks,

Jim



Really, are clear skies, low wind and no moon that much to ask for? 

New Mexico Skies Observatory
SBIG STXL 6303E w/AOX
Planewave CDK17 - Paramount MEII
Planewave IFR90 - Astrodon LRGB & NB filters
SkyX - MaximDL - ACP

http://www.jimmorse-astronomy.com
http://www.astrobin.com/users/JimMors

Offline mschuster

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Re: New script for denoising linear monochannel images
« Reply #9 on: 2015 November 04 08:54:39 »
Hi Rob,

Thank you so much, I appreciate your feedback! It is great to hear you got good results!

Thanks,
Mike

Offline mschuster

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Re: New script for denoising linear monochannel images
« Reply #10 on: 2015 November 04 09:02:13 »
Would it be possible to adapt this script to OSC images shot with a DSLR?

Yes, msmythers is correct. For linear multichannel images, run the monochannel denoiser on each channel separately.

For linear OSC images, denoise the CFA channels not the de-Bayered RGB channels. Recombine the denoised channels and then de-Bayer. And as msmythers mentioned, be sure to use the correct detector parameters as they typically vary with ISO settings.

For a monochrome detector, again just denoise the filtered channels L, R, G, B, S, H, O, etc and combine the results as usual.

Thanks,
Mike

Offline mschuster

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Re: New script for denoising linear monochannel images
« Reply #11 on: 2015 November 04 09:18:43 »
Anyway since I don't have the gain or noise numbers for my camera I tried a little experimenting to see how I could use the script. That wasn't so bad.

Thank you Mike for posting feedback, your comments and images! I am glad to hear that your experiments worked!

If you can run the script twice and see improvements, chances are that the detector parameters are not as accurate as they could be. That is OK, no problem. With more accurate parameters, typically you can not run the script twice. Doing so results in obvious artifacts and loss of detail.

Also, I suggest running denoising before ABE or any other processing. Anything that modifies the signal modifies the noise statistics also. MureDoise does not know these transformations were performed, and so its noise estimates may be less accurate.

Thanks,
Mike

Offline mschuster

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Re: New script for denoising linear monochannel images
« Reply #12 on: 2015 November 04 09:25:20 »
That's very cool, Mike!  I have 50+ hours on a very dim Oiii target and I'll give this a try.

Thank you Rick! I hope you get good results. FYI: my 3nm H-alpha targets run 8 to 20+ hours and I am getting really good results on all of them.

Thank,
Mike

Offline mschuster

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Re: New script for denoising linear monochannel images
« Reply #13 on: 2015 November 04 09:30:23 »
Wow! I have just thrown about a dozen Ha stacks at it and in every case the results are better than I have been getting with MLT noise reduction, which has been my linear weapon of choice recently but have always had to follow this with a round of ACDNR post stretch. This seems to do it in one pass.

Does the Auto pixel interpolation setting pick up the setting used during star alignment?

That is excellent news Chris, thank you so much for posting!

Only choose Auto in the script when you selected Auto in StarAlignment. If you selected something else in StarAlignment, be sure use the same setting in the script. The settings need to match.

Thanks,
Mike

Offline mschuster

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Re: New script for denoising linear monochannel images
« Reply #14 on: 2015 November 04 09:52:03 »
Can you explain a little more about the cycle-spin count.  From what you say in your note, it looks like it operates not as an intensity multiplier (like iterations in Deconvolution) but instead like the iterations in Masked Stretch where more means a better solution, not more intensity.  As such, if you are willing to trade time for quality, does it make sense to up the number beyond 8 and, if so, is there a practical limit?

Thank you Jim for your kind comments.

Yes, a larger cycle-spin count means more iterations and a better solution. You can specify up to 32, at which point the results are at nearly highest quality possible in my testing. More than that give negligible improvements to the underlying risk estimator. Here is the idea:

The method uses a wavelet transform that subsamples at each level of refinement, each successive level having dimensions half the size of the prior level. The orthogonality of this transform allows the method to denoise each level independently, yet still achieve a globally optimal solution in terms of SNR across all levels. But the solution is shift variant, i.e. it depends on the locations of the subsampling boundaries. The solution to this problem is cycle-spinning: Run the method multiple times with different image shifts or translations and average the results. The final result is then nearly shift invariant.

Thanks,
Mike